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APPENDIX I AD/HD symptoms classified according to DSB symptoms

in a book  AD/HD with adolescents and adults by MIchelsson, Katarina & others (2003)

The list below isn't complete but gives examples. References to pages overlap because the symptoms appear in several contexts. The classification is based on the following process:

The DSB  à  chronic muscular tension + increase in adrenaline  à problems with the coordination of the body and muscles + the hypersensitivity of the senses  à perceptive disorders  a stress in the brain and body


The hypersensitivity/ inaccuracy of auditory perception: hearing (pages 20 – 69)

  • inability to listen to others
  • difficulty in focusing on someone's speech face to face
  • difficulty in listening to, understanding, remembering and following spoken instructions
  • difficulty in understanding and interpreting other people's messages
  • difficulty in noticing details in speech
  • sensitivity to disturbances
  • autism
  • sleep disorders

The hypersensitivity/ inaccuracy of auditory perception: speaking / difficulty in controlling speech and respiratory muscles (pages 31 – 67)

  • dysphasia: difficulty in expressing oneself and understanding other people's speech
  • Asperger syndrome
  • autism
  • disorder/delay in the development of speech and language
  • slow, unclear, hesitant speech
  • difficulty in conveying the message or interpreting in communication
  • disturbing, excessive, continuous, loud, inappropriate or offensive  speech
  • the speaker keeps interrupting others: gives an answer before the question is completed or keeps changing the topic

Muscles in the eye and inaccuracy of visual perception: hypersensitivity of visual perception: reading (pages 31 – 67)

  • difficulty in reading, understanding a text and concentrating on reading
  • slow or hasty reading
  • details are missed
  • difficulty in studying mathematics
  • inability to perceive shapes, distances or directions
  • inability to follow written instructions or fill in forms
  • difficulty in understanding expressions, gestures and social hints
  • problems with interpreting in communication
  • sensitivity to disturbances
  • bad eye contact

Disorder in auditory and/or visual perception + difficulty in controlling writing muscles (pages 31 – 66)

  • difficulty in writing
  • shaky, unclear handwriting
  • slow, careless writing, spelling mistakes
  • difficulty in taking notes or expressing one's thoughts in text
  • impatience to check and correct text
  • difficulty in following instructions and rules

Muscular tension and disorders in hormone secretion and metabolism (adrenaline, insulin, cortisol) (pages 39, 59, 70, 74)

  • headache
  • eating disorders
  • difficult menstrual pain
  • sleep disorders

Difficulty in controlling the coordination of the body and muscles: motion, exercise and other activity (pages 31 – 74)

  • motor disorders
  • hyperactivity, clumsiness, slow movements
  • difficulty in perceiving directions
  • inability to stand or sit still or to wait for one's turn
  • impulsiveness, impatience, hasty action
  • problems with executive functions
  • inability to consider consequences of one's actions
  • dependency on routines, impracticality
  • Asperger
  • Tourette / compulsive movement, tics
  • inability to remain still/silent: can't help swaying, mumbling, whistling, tapping, etc.
  • sleep disorders

Consequences of the stress of the brain and the body (pages 31 – 69)

  • lack of attention and concentration
  • difficulty in attention and concentration
  • inability / difficulty to keep promises, to follow rules, instructions, to plan one's work/homework, correct or finish it
  • tendency to lose objects, forget things or tasks, assignments or orders
  • problems with memory / working memory
  • impractical, careless, absent-minded, inefficient, restless, disobedient, defiant, dissatisfied
  • self-centered, bossy, annoying, passive, slow, submissive
  • tendency to get fed up with anything
  • tendency to be late for school, meetings
  • truancy
  • inability to work in a hurry or under pressure or manage two simultaneous tasks
  • inability to learn from mistakes
  • inability to work persistently: changes tasks in the middle of work
  • dependency on routines
  • underachievement in tasks compared with general intelligence
  • avoidance of cognitive effort / tasks
  • poor school achievement
  • problems with learning
  • no further studies after basic education
  • difficulty in perceiving time and controlling time relations
  • lack of attention and concentration in social interaction: impulsiveness in human relationships: problems with social interaction, bullying, quarrelling, tendency to  change dating partners or spouse often, problems with dating relationships and marriage
  • difficulty in focusing on conversation
  • insistence on changing the rules in threat of defeat  and on blaming others for failure

Increased adrenaline: the over-strain of the sense touch and feeling: the memory of feeling, outbursts of feeling, human relationships, mental health (pages 27 – 73)

  • Asperger
  • autism
  • defiance
  • oppositional defiant disorder
  • disturbance of conduct
  • depressiveness
  • anxiety: e.g. tremble, muscular tension, sweating, palpitation, dizziness, pain in upper stomach
  • panic attacks
  • compulsive thoughts, other compulsive symptoms
  • aggressiveness, weak tolerance of misfortune,  stress and frustration,  impatience
  • rapid changes of mood: gets angry and calms down quickly
  • exaggerated outbursts of feeling: verbal aggressiveness, gets angry easily
  • obtrusive behavior
  • indifference, risky way of life
  • lack of the sense of fear
  • weak self-confidence and self-esteem
  • inability to maintain friendship
  • mental problems and disorders

The more serious the AD/HD is, the more of the following consequences may appear: (pages 30 - 74)

  • desire for comfort
  • economic problems, problems with spending money
  • gambling, impulsive shopping, getting into debt
  • temporary sex relationships
  • irresponsibility, unreliability, recklessness, prone to accidents, loneliness
  • alcoholism, intoxicants, drugs,
  • telling lies, escape
  • violence, crime, destruction of other people's property, pyromania
  • suicidal thoughts

The following

APPENDIX II The vital statistics of Finnish population: the number of deaths per day, month and age group in years 1987 – 2005 All age groups, over 80 and 60 - 79